Canaan Township, Wayne County, Ohio

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Historical Information

Canaan Township was established May 5, 1819 and was named by Dr. Isaac Barnes.[1] It was named in honor of the Biblical land of Canaan.[2]

It was formed from the originally surveyed township 17, of range 13.[3]

Historical Documents

Canaan Township Historical Landmarks

The following lists the recognized historical landmarks by the Wayne County Historical Society of Ohio through its Wayne County Historical Landmark program.

  1. Academy Antiques-County Historical Landmark (1982)- 2-1/2 story wood frame building located at 27 N. Front St. in Burbank. Built before 1873. Has 7/8" solid wood tongue and groove construction.
  2. Benjamin House-County Historical Landmark (1976)-Also known as the Marsh House, is located on the NW corner of public square in the village of Jackson on St.Rt. 3 south of Creston. Built in 1840 by Alonzo Benjamin.
  3. Stable Craft Shop-County Historical Landmark (1982)-located at 123 S. Main St. in Creston. Built in 1873 in the style typical of an 1800's downtown department store. 2nd floor was constructed as the area's first skating rink (still in original condition). Also known as the John Smith House.
  4. Crane House-County Historical Landmark (1976)-located on St.Rt. 3 south of Creston in Canaaan Twp built by Zenas A. Crane in 1836.
  5. "Jake" Fetzer-Finney House-County Historical Landmark (1978)-located on Co. Rd. 108 in Burbank. Jake was a tailor and farmer who prospered and built a large house in 1842. Remains substantially in its original condition.
  6. Fetzer Home-County Historical Landmark (1976)-located on Twp. Rd. 108 east of Co.Rd. 51, built in 1869 by Daniel Bowman.
  7. Billman Homestead Bank Barn-County Historical Landmark (1976)-homestead barn is located on east side of St.Rt. 83 about 1 mile south of Burbank and was reproted to be the longest barn in Wayne County at the time it was built about 1876.
  8. Pike Station Inn-County Historical Landmark (1983)-located at 127 S. Main St. in Creston. Odd-shaped 2-story brick building constructed in 1880. Only an outside staircase accesses the 2nd story.
  9. Wheeler House-County Historical Landmark (1976)-located in Creston on N. Main St. built in 1883 by Jacob Wideman
  10. Hoisington Inn-Pioneer House (1976)-located at the intersection of Rt. 604 & 51 in Canaan Twp. was built by John Hoisington in 1837 and dubbed the Windsor.
  11. Herbert Werstler House-Pioneer House (1976)-a 2-story wood frame house located on Co. Rd. 178 in Creston was built in 1840.
  12. Lyle D. Kalina House-Pioneer House(1991)-located at 276 Pine St. in Creston. Built in 1843. Brick basement floor and exposed wood beams on the 2nd floor.
  13. Meyer House-Pioneer House (1984)-located at 151 N. Main St. Creston. Built in 1853. House features salt box hip roof, sandstone foundation blocks, and rounded porch on 2 sides.
  14. Wells House-Pioneer House (1976)-located at 160 S. Main St. in Creston was built about 1865 by Nathan M. Wells a brick mason who was reported to be the youngest enlisted man from Wayne County during the Civil War.
  15. John&Emilene Dyer House-Pioneer House (1991)-a 2-story wood frame house located at 148 N. Main St. in Creston. Built in the 1890's and features hand-hewn beams, scroll work around the top of the house, porcelain doorknobs, and old light fixtures.
  16. Samuel Fuller House-Pioneer House (1987)-located at 2677 E. Sterling Rd. in Creston. The 2-1/2 story wood frame house was built in 1870.
  17. Romich House-Pioneer House (1976)-located in south part of Creston.
  18. James Dorland House-Pioneer House (1978)-the 2-story wood frame Colonial house is located at 58 S. Front St. in Burbank and was built in 1873.
  19. Simon Alleman House-Pioneer House (2002)-located at 2556 E. Easton Rd. in Creston. 2-story wood frame house built in 1875. Unique roof design with gables and gingerbread.
  20. Randall Billman House-Pioneer House (1977)-located 1/2-mile S of Burbank on St.Rt.83. 2-story wood frame house built around 1876. Has hand-grained woodwork, large doorways, high ceilings, and large rooms.
  21. Cyrus Crane House-Pioneer House (1985)-located at 416 S. Main St. in Creston. 2-story wood frame house built prior to 1873.
  22. Simon House-Pioneer House (1982)-the 2-1/2-story wood frame house is located at 1454 E. Easton Rd. in Creston and was built in 1882.
  23. J.D. Fike House-Pioneer House (1983)-the 9-room brick house located at 166 N. Main St. in Creston. Built in 1883. Original kitchen cupboards remain.
  24. Andrew Bixler & Clarence Hemming House-Pioneer House (1992)-the 2-story wood frame house located at 12472 Oller Rd. in Creston was built in 1888.
  25. Fike West House-Pioneer House (1976)-located along Twp. Rd. 108 being the 2nd house east of Rd. 51 in Canaan Twp. was the 12-room house was built during the Civil War period by John France for John Fike.
  26. Haskins House-Pioneer House (1976)-located along Rd 51 north of Canaan Center was constructed of farm-fired brick and first inhabitant, F.N. Haskins a pioneer who brought Methodism religion to the area in 1857.
  27. Rugh House-Pioneer House (1976)-located on St. Rt. 3 1/2 mile north of Hermanville in Canaan Twp. built around the Civil War period.
  28. Jacob&Catherine Sell House-Pioneer House (1985)-located 1894 E. Sterling Rd. in Creston built between 1830-1840. The house features hand-hewns beams and an underground room in the basement.
  29. William Armstrong House-Pioneer House (1976)-located on Co.Rd. 83 first house south of Golden Corners in Canaan Twp. was built by Armstrong before 1860. It is of Greek revival design built of soft brick burned on the farm and has hand morticed double christian door and loperened woodwork.
  30. Burge House-Pioneer House (1984)-located at 1876 W. Britton Rd. Built by Cy Young. Carved over the front door is "1878" the year the house was built.
  31. Koucky House-Pioneer House (2013)-house located at 122 W. Easton Rd. was built in 1835. Original stone slab basement remains. Original house had 2 bedrooms on the 2nd floor accessed by a ladder.
  32. Thomas & Hugh Armstrong House-Century House (2000)-located about 6 miles north of Wooster at 1639 Armstrong Rd. Built in 1900 by the afformentioned Armstrongs. The original part of the house contained 4 rooms with a porch on a stone wall foundation and the roofing material was metal. In 1948 a back section was added to the house.
  33. Billman-Snyder House-Century House (1976)-located on Co.Rd 178 in Canaan Twp. owned by at least six generations of the John Billman family is a Western Reserve type house built in the 1840s.
  34. Robert C. Cochrell House-Century House (1977)-located half-mile E. of St.Rt. 83 on Co.Rd. 178 near Burbank. Built about 1840.
  35. Hoisington House-Century House (1976)-located at NW corner of intersection of Rt 108 & 51 in Canaan Twp. the house was built on land grant from President James Monroe in 1821 in which members of the Hoisington family walked from Vermont to claim. The house was built in 1846 and at least six generations of the family have lived here.
  36. Irvin House-Century House (1976)-located on Co.Rd. 48 1/2 mile east of Rt. 83 in Canaan Twp. the north part of house is 30ftX20ft log house built about 1830, the south part of house 30ftX62ft was added about 1854.
  37. Metz House-Century House (1976)-located along Friendsville Rd. in Canaan Twp. Samuel Metz bought the 41 acre farm and house from George Devinney on April 9, 1870.
  38. John Parmenter House-Century House (1984)-the 1-1/2-story wood frame house built between 1839 and 1840 and located on Parmenter Rd. in Burbank. Always painted red and has original fireplace.
  39. George Sommers House-Century House (2000)-located about 6 miles north of Wooster at 1777 Armstrong Rd. The large 2-story brick home with 10-rooms and porches on three sides was erected about 1850 by George Sommers its first occupant. The foundation is of brick and stone. The original cistern is still on the property. Originally the home had four chimneys but only one remains.
  40. Stratton House-Century House (1976)-located on Co. Rd. 347 1/2 mile north of Rt. 604 in Canaan Twp. built by Daniel Stratton in 1860.
  41. Wiles House-Century House (1976)-located on west side of Friendsville Rd. the original part of home is of log and plank construction.


Place Names

Present Name Former Name(s) Plat Date
Blocher's Corners
Burbank Bridgeport 3 Dec 1868
Canaan Canaan Center, Windsor
Creston

Pike Station (North of Railroad Tracks), Seville/Saville Station (South of Railroad Tracks)

30 Jun 1881
Golden Corners
Hermanville
Jackson Old Hickory, Mathews Tavern
Mathew's Tavern
North Canaan
Peppertown
West Canaan
Young Peoples' Corner

Maps

The department has several plat maps for viewing. Plat maps include land owners names and the location of their property.

1807 Federal Survey Map of Canaan Township, Wayne County, Ohio

1856 Baker's Map of Wayne County, Ohio

1873 Caldwell's Atlas of Wayne County, Ohio

These images were scanned from the original 1873 Caldwell’s Atlas and cropped according to the selected town or township.

1897 Caldwell's Atlas of Wayne County, Ohio

Indices to Maps

Original Businesses and Owners

Business Abstracts, Canaan Twp, 1873

Carpenter and Joiner

Farmers and Stock Raisers

Farmers and Stock Dealers

Minister

Business Abstracts, Canaan Center, 1873

  • T. H. Barr, Minister.
  • F. N. Haskins, Farmer and Stock Raiser.
  • Thomas Russell, Farmer and Stock Raiser.

Business Abstracts, Jackson, 1873

  • W. J. Smith, Horse dealer.
  • J. C. Hubbard, all kinds of Coopering and repairing done to order.

Business Abstracts, Pike Station, 1873

  • John Smith, dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Salt, Lime, and pays the hightest prices in cash for Butter, Eggs and all kinds of Country Produce.
  • Benjamin Eby, Pike Station.
  • A. B. Riegler, Hotel Keeper.
  • Philip Baum, wholesale dealer in Gloves and MIllinery, also P. M.
  • David Pershing, dealer in Boots and Shoes, also Assistant P. M.
  • Houts & Hay, dealers in Grain, Seeds, Wool, Pork, Salt, Lumber, Lath, Shingles and Fruit.
  • Wells Brothers, Livery, Sale and Feed Stable.
  • N. N. Wells, manufacturer of Choice Brick for Building purposes.

Business Abstracts, Canaan Twp, 1897

  • Many business of 1897 are listed on the index to property owners for Canaan Township.

Churches

Evangelical

  • The Evangelical Lutheran Church[47]

Lutheran

  • The Bethel Church[48]
  • Canaan Lutheran Church [49]

Methodist

  • The Methodist Episcopal Church[51]

Presbyterian

Reformed

  • The Canaan or Kopp's[53]
  • The Reformed Church[54]

Photos

[55]

Schools

Active Schools

  • Norwayne Local Schools [56]

Historical One Room Schools

Photos

[57]

Residents

Early Settlers[58]

Census Records

Directories

  • 1859-1860
  • 1884-1885
  • 1894-1895

Photos of Residences

Cemeteries

  • Canaan Cemetery [59]
  • Ewing Cemetery [60]
  • Shoemaker Cemetery [61]

Newspaper Articles

Newspaper Full-Text Articles

Early Wayne County History
Canaan Township
An early settler, Isaac Notestine, said of Canaan township: "Wheat and flour were often hauled to Cleveland from there, and hogs were driven to Cleveland likewise. Wooster was the nearest point of trade, but it was poor place to sell produce of any kind."

The township was organized in 1819. Incorporation of Burbank followed in 1868, when the name was changed from Bridgeport.
—Harry B. Stapler, The Wooster Daily Record, 1940-MAR-09

Newspaper Ads

Newspaper Citations With No Attached Images

References

  1. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 772.
  2. Wayne County Scrapbook, compliments of McIntire,Davis & Greene Funeral Home.
  3. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 58.
  4. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  5. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  6. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  7. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  8. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  9. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  10. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  11. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  12. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  13. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  14. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  15. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  16. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  17. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  18. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  19. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  20. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  21. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  22. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  23. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  24. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  25. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  26. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  27. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  28. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  29. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  30. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  31. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  32. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  33. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  34. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  35. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  36. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  37. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  38. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  39. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  40. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  41. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  42. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  43. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  44. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  45. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  46. Douglass, Robert, and Robert Douglass. History of Wayne County, Ohio,: From the Days of the Pioneers and First Settlers to the Present Time. By Ben Douglass, Wooster, Ohio.: In This Volume, Embracing Nearly Nine Hundred Pages, the Author Presents with Remarkable Power and Perspicacity the History of the Great North-west Territory .. Indianapolis: Published by Robert Douglass, 1879.
  47. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 776.
  48. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 776.
  49. Canaan Lutheran Church. "Welcome to Canaan Lutheran Church." Canaan Lutheran Church. Accessed March 04, 2019. https://canaanlutheranchurch.org/.
  50. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 776.
  51. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 776.
  52. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 776.
  53. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 776.
  54. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 776.
  55. "Canaan Lutheran Church". canaanlutheranchurch.org. 2019. 
  56. "Norwayne Local School District." Norwayne Local School District | Norwayne Local Schools. Accessed February 04, 2019. http://www.norwaynelocal.k12.oh.us/.
  57. "Norwayne Local School District". www.norwaynelocal.k12.oh.us. 2019. 
  58. Douglass, Ben. History of Wayne County, Ohio. Indianapolis: Robert Douglass Publisher, 1878. pg. 773-775.
  59. Find A Grave. Accessed March 04, 2019. https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/40176/canaan-center-cemetery.
  60. Find A Grave. Accessed March 04, 2019. https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/2211769/ewing-cemetery.
  61. Find A Grave. Accessed March 04, 2019. https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/2184200/shoemaker-cemetery.

External Links